Veins are blood vessels that return blood from all the organs in the body toward the heart. When the different organs use oxygen from the blood to perform their functions, they release the used blood containing waste products such as carbon dioxide into the veins. Blood is then transported to the heart and returned to the lungs, where the waste carbon dioxide is released and more oxygen is loaded by the blood and taken back to the rest of the body by the arteries.
Spider veins are tiny veins that constantly look dilated. They are caused by weak vascular walls and inefficient circulation. While spider veins may not cause any health problems, many people feel they look unappealing. Spider veins can sometimes resemble a spider: a large dark spot with thin veins radiating out of it, or they may appear in other patterns and variations in different places in the body. Frequently occurring in the legs, spider veins can be dark or lighter shades of blue, purple, or red.
Since the 1930’s, Sclerotherapy is medical procedure that has been used to eliminate varicose veins and spider veins. Sclerotherapy involves an injection of a solution (generally a salt solution) directly into the vein. Vein injection irritates the lining of the blood vessel, causing it to swell and stick together, and the blood to clot. Over time, the vessel turns into scar tissue that fades from view.
In most cases of sclerotherapy, the salt solution is injected through a very fine needle directly into the vein. At this point, you may experience mild discomfort and cramping for one to two minutes, especially when larger veins are injected. The procedure itself takes approximately 15 to 30 minutes. The number of veins injected in one session varies depend on the size and location of the veins, as well as the general medical condition of the patient.
Aside from spider vein treatment, sclerotherapy vein treatment can also be used to treat some mild cases of varicose veins in some patients. Because of the larger, more serious nature of varicose veins, however, surgery will often be required. Varicose vein removal that combines Endovenous Laser Treatment with Sclerotherapy has proven to be extremely successful.
Sclerotherapy vein treatment is generally performed in the doctor’s office by a dermatologist or a surgeon and requires that you do not do any aerobic activity for a few days after the procedure. A minor stinging or burning sensation is common during and right after the injections are made, but is short lived. After the treatment is finished, a bandage will be applied and most physicians recommend the use of compression or support hose for at least a few days.
Following injections, the leg is wrapped with an elastic bandage for one or two hours to help keep the vein closed. Normal daily activities can commence immediately after the Sclerotherapy vein treatment. Compression stockings may need to be worn for 1-3 days after the treatment of large veins only. The veins treated will close and blood from the faulty veins will be transformed into a healthy vein. If you have a lot of veins of varying sizes and locations, you will require multiple Sclerotherapy vein treatment sessions.