Acne is by far one of the most common skin issues suffered by both men and women. Despite its occurrence in men and women of all ages, it is far more common and will first occur during the teenage years. Acne will present itself as small to large, often red bumps, and pimples along both the face and body – occurring most frequently along the cheeks, forehead, shoulders, back and even on the buttocks.

Acne isn’t a dangerous health concern, however, it may cause patients to become quite self-conscious, and lack confidence in themselves – especially during the formative, teenage years. While occasional acne is extremely common, and will likely be resolved on its own, more moderate to severe cases of cystic acne and acne scarring will require medical attention and be inspected by a qualified dermatologist – otherwise, it can result in permanent damage when left untreated.

Causes of Acne

Acne is sometimes difficult to understand, often times some people simply have a much higher propensity to suffer from acne blemishes than others despite taking every possible measure to keep their skin clean and as clear as possible. Many people blame acne issues on the consumption of overly greasy, unhealthy foods – however, this is simply a myth, while diet does affect overall health which can lead to acne, there isn’t any direct correlation between greasy foods and acne blemishes.

Most acne issues are caused by genetics and hormonal changes that lead to things like oil production along the face. The main causes of acne are:

· Excess Oil on the Skin’s Surface and Overproduction of Face Oil
· Clogged Pores (as a result of oil, dirt, and dead skin cells)
· Bacteria Along the Surface of the Skin
· Excessive Hormonal Changes (Androgens)

Common Symptoms of Acne and Acne Prone Skin are:

Whiteheads (closed plugged pores) – Acne lesions caused by skin cells and oil build-up.
Blackheads (open plugged pores) – The build-up of dirt and oil (sebum) under the skin within the pore. Turns black due to oxidation.
Papules– Small red, tender bumps – Inflamed comedones, forming a small pink or red bump. Tender, and extra sensitive, common in more severe acne cases.
Pimples or Pustules –Papules with pus at their tips, similar to whiteheads in appearance – often lead to scarring.
Nodules – Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin. Caused by severe infections.
Cysts or Cystic Acne – Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions). Look similar to boils, a result of severe acne.